Aadhaar card is a unique identification card issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established by the Government of India. It is a 12-digit unique identification number that serves as a proof of identity and address for Indian residents.
The Aadhaar card contains essential information about an individual, including their name, gender, date of birth, photograph, and biometric data such as fingerprints and iris scans. The card also includes a unique Aadhaar number, which is linked to the individual’s demographic and biometric information stored in a centralized database.
The Aadhaar card is widely used in India for various purposes, including:
- Proof of Identity: The Aadhaar card is accepted as a valid proof of identity for various official purposes, such as opening bank accounts, applying for government subsidies, and availing of various government services.
- Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): The Aadhaar card is linked to various government schemes and subsidies. It enables direct transfer of benefits and subsidies to the bank accounts of eligible individuals, ensuring efficient and transparent delivery of welfare programs.
- KYC (Know Your Customer) Verification: Many financial institutions, mobile service providers, and other entities require Aadhaar card as part of the KYC process for verifying the identity and address of individuals.
- Income Tax Filing: Aadhaar card is often used for income tax filing and serves as a unique identification number for taxpayers.
- Digital Authentication: The Aadhaar card facilitates digital authentication through various platforms and services, such as the Aadhaar-enabled Payment System (AEPS) and online verification processes.
To apply for an Aadhaar card, individuals can visit Aadhaar enrollment centers or Post Offices and provide their biometric and demographic details, including their photograph, fingerprints, and iris scans. The UIDAI verifies the information provided and issues the Aadhaar card once the application is approved. It is important to note that Aadhaar enrollment and issuance processes may be subject to specific rules and regulations set by the UIDAI or the Government of India.
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